PayPal’s Interesting Design Pattern API

PayPal is a massive online American banking and currency handler that allows users to transfer funds electronically. PayPal originally started out as a company that developed security software for handheld devices. This article describes the different design guidelines through the years of developing the API. All of PayPal’s platform services have been connected through RESTful APIs. REstful is an API that uses HTTP requests to GET, PUT, POST, and DELETE data. It is commonly known as the architecture style for designing networked applications. We have learned that, through design patterns, we can optimize and organize our code in efficient ways to make later implementations of other objects easier. I chose this article because it is another look at practical implantation of design principles for large businesses.

From the article, we can see that the basic principles for PayPal’s design foundation are very similar in what we are currently implementing in our code. Some of the principles include that are discussed in the article are Coupling, encapsulation, stability, reusable, contract-based, consistency ease of use, and externalizable. Since these APIs are developed with consumer business in mind, each of the principles follow a catered idea for each. For loose coupling, the services need to be loosely coupled from each other. This makes it so that components in a network can work together, but do not heavily rely on each other. Encapsulation is also important in order to group certain attributes together. This makes it so that we can restrict direct access to certain part of an objects components. The stability principle important in that we need to make the program stable. The code should also be reusable so that it can be used across multiple different instances and by different consumers and users. This is important for team collaboration and organization as well because if multiple people can understand where an issue is occurring, it can be solved a lot faster. For contract-based functionality, it needs to be shared using a standardized service. This makes it better to create a standardization because it loops back to the reusable principle and makes accessibility more seamless. As for ease of use and consistency, these both work hand in hand because since the service needs to follow a specific set of rules and attributes, it also needs to be easy to create for consumers. The last design principle is externizable, which requires that the service can save and restore the contents of its instances.

I learned that these design principles are interesting because they seem to be a great tool to use when designing a program because it offers fundamental guidelines for optimization. I expect to apply these principles in my future practice by remembering the importance of how code should be organized to make it accessible to the consumer and to the programmer.

Source: https://www.infoq.com/news/2017/09/paypal-api-guide

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